Entradas populares

Friday, September 4, 2015

LANCERA WITH 14TH CENTURY RECIPE FOR FOWL ON A SPIT

Roasting on a Rack
Photo from: Melanie Unruh-Bays
rack or stand for lances or needles, skewers, irons for roasting, and spits. [Nola/Pérez. 1994:200]

SENT SOVí I  (Gázquez 200)

Ingredients

1 fowl such as a peacock, pheasant or capon
8 oz bacon
3-4 oranges

Preparation

Dressing the fowl: At sunset bleed the bird through the vein behind the ear through the mouth. Remove the feathers except those on the tail, head and neck. Wash it. Tie the legs and secure the wings. Dip a linen cloth in water and wrap it around the tail as well as the head and neck.

A Dinty Bird with a Savory Garland
Photo by: Lord-Williams
PREHEAT OVEN TO 400ºF/200ºC

Make three garlands on a spit with bacon and oranges beginning with a whole orange and ending with another.

Add the bird and wrap it in a linen cloth soaked in cold water to prevent the bird from burning. When cooked, place the bird on a cutting board and carve it like a goose.

Slice the skull, the leg and the rump.






Wednesday, July 1, 2015

JAROPA WITH 13TH CENTURY RECIPE FOR GRAPE SYRUP



Grape Syrup in a jarope
Photo by: Lord-Williams
OCast xaropa, a large shallow dish for making syrups; today a non-stick pan for sautéing sauces. [Nola/Iranzo. 1982:172; and Nola/Pérez. 1994:200]

GRAPE SYRUP ADAPTED FROM HUICI’S TRANSLATION OF AL-ANDALUS #509 JARABE DE AGRAZ, p 278

Ingredients

1 lb fleshly squeezed grape juice
1 lb sugar

Preparation

Heat grape juice and sugar. Stir occasionally up to 220ºF/ºC until the consistency is that of syrups. This takes about 20 minutes.  Drink 1 oz syrup with 2 oz water.


This is good for combating jaundice and preventing jaundice from reoccurring; it increases the appetite, relieves thirst, dissolves phlegm by cutting it and relieves a bitter taste in the mouth. 


ANÓN AL ANDALUS
#509 JARABE DE AGRAZ, p 278
AMBROSIO HUICI’S TRANSLATION
Se toma de zumo exprimido de agraz una libra y otra de azúcar, se junta todo y se cuece hasta que tome forma de jarabe; se bebe una onza de él en otras dos de agua.
Sus utilidades: para dominar la ictericia y cortar la vuelta de la ictericia, da apetito y corta la sed, disuelve la flema, al cortarla, y hace cesar el amargor de la boca.


Monday, June 29, 2015

JARAMAGO

Sisymbrium officinale

(Hedge Mustard)- 2 - foliage

Photo from Box Osborn



erísimohierba de los cantores
L. Sisymbrium officinale, Erysimum officinaleAr. carmc (all good), F. herbeauxchantres, Eng. common hedge mustard, Singer's Plant, St. Barbara's Hedge Mustard. English watercress. The Spanish name for this herb is derived from Arabic, while the French meaning comes the plant’s fame in being the infallible cure for loss of voice until the time of Louis XIV. Strong infusions of hedge mustard were taken for all throat problems.The plant is used as an expectorant, stomachic and diuretic. It cannot be said that the Arabs brought this plant for it grows wild everywhere in a Europe, on wasteland and along roads. It is a most troublesome weed, growing four to six feet high and a dust collector.
Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale
flower 06-03-2005
Photo from: Friends of Mount Majura

In Spain hedge mustard is so abundant that there are rivers and towns named for it: the Jarama and Jaramilla Rivers, and the towns Jaramillo de la Fuente and Jaramillo Quemado in Burgos. Poets, over the centuries, however, praise its purple-hue, the toothed segments of its hairy pinnate leaves with toothed segments and its tiny yellow flower clusters blooming from April to November, under these are seed pods bearing yellow seeds resembling mustard. The stem looks like and cuts like broccoli, its relative as both belong to the Brassicaceae or Mustard family.


It has been stated that in 15th C. cookery, Andalusia is noted for the most numerous recipes containing hedge mustard, which ranged from salads to pottages and broths. None are available in the MSS reviewed. Today,

Gele Mostard “Accent” van “Top Seeds”
Bil de Regt 2-10-2014 (Zaaidatum 4 aug)
Photo from Jan Relpma Dronten
Andalusia still has some recipes using it but the Canary Islands seem too have taken over the tradition where Hedge Mustard Pottage is renown. Vilanova recommended it for seasoning meats in the winter.


Hedge mustard should not be confused with wild radishes (rabanillo), which have singular flowers while mustards have a clump of flowers. The petals of the radish flowers are veined, mustard flowers are not. The seed pods of the radish are segmented, the mustard pods are not. Also wild radishes tend to grow to one or two feet high, maybe three. Usually just with a glance you can tell if it is a field of radish or mustards.

[ES: Shamsuddín Sep 21, 01; Font. 1999:52:167:277-278; and Gázquez. 2002:143]