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Wednesday, May 9, 2012

BÚFALO

Bisonte estepario
(Steppe Buffalo)
bisonte, OCast bufano -a, Cat brúfol, Latin bisōn, bisōnt (“wild ox”), OEng wesendwusend, Eng buffalo, bison, wild ox.  Imagining buffalo killings on the plains of the United States in the early stages of Europe occupation of the continent, one automatically assumes buffalo originated in North America. Not so, bisons originated in southern Asia and arrived in Europe 700,000 years ago on U-Haul vans. Buffalo only came to North America 500,000 years ago as Mayflower vans were subject to winds. Villena explains that in his day, the early 15th C, the Moors raised them in Granada and people consumed the meat. He instructs that it should be carved the same way as an ox. As seen in the blog brufalino, published on May 2, 2012, this is buffalo mozzarella, which Carroll-Mann believes to be an Italian cheese made with buffalo milk. Taking into account that buffalo herds did exist in Spain during the Middle Ages perhaps brufalino was a Spanish cheese as well and that it is possible that Nola knew of it in Spain, not necessarily in Italy. Further, bugle horns were common drinking vessels made with the buffalo horns. Today buffalo is an endangered species but should one have the opportunity to have the meat, it is prepared like beef. The cheese is used in the same manner as mozzarella. See buey, carne de and untos. [ES: Carroll-Mann. “SC-Fideos.” Oct 1, 99; ES: Carroll-Mann. Guisados 2-art. Jun 6, 01:102:ftn 103 and 104; Gázquez. 139; Lladonosa. 1976:92-93; Nola. 1989:xlv-1; Nola/Iranzo.1982:104 Villena/Calero. 2002:22b:31a; and Villena/Saínz. 1967:16]

1 comment:

  1. AH! here we have the buffalo!
    BUT please note that even if the word is the same, the buffalo raised in Maditerranean area has nothing to do with the wild one from the North of Europe or America. These were common during the Ice Age also in Spain, but then were extincted save in Russia, Poland, Belarus and Ukrainia. The buffalo of the brufalina, mozarella and the moors is like that of the Maremma in Italy, and is the race prefered in hot and wet climates as Brazil and India: a kind of white or light brown beast with short hair and very long curvy horns, with a characteristic bag hanging on the neck and a humpback.

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