Photo from: Alison Schwarzkopf
(lubinia or lubina [?]), L. Lysimachia vulgaris, Eng loosestrife. According to Calero, the word lunbina, found on page 28a of the original text of Arte Cisoria is actually lutibiva, which he explains in the glossary. It is an herb, the roots of which were used as seasoning. This is in concurrence with Navarro who states in his glossary that Lysimachia is the family and the species is lubinia. Saínz states that lutibua is an herb to accompany certain dishes. Various Lysimachia species are grown in northern Spain and England. Loosestrife is still found in the Sierra Morena (Granada). Lysimachia species thrive around rocks, riverbeds and in swamplands. It also grows in the mountains in Cantabrica.
Today, they are considered weeds. In the Middle Ages they were used medicinally by making a decoction with the leaves and used as an astringent for their efficiency in healing wounds and restricting the blood. The aroma is so sharp that it scares snakes away and kills flies.
Navarro indicates that the roots must have been used as seasoning and the greens were used to accompany food dishes. Brown, however, in his glossary concludes that the word in question is lubina (sea bass) an ingredient used pigeon capírotada. In this case, he finds it a more logical ingredient than an herb. On page 44 of his edited version, Calero uses the word lubina not lubinia. See lubina. [Font. Plantas. 1999:371:522; Nola. 1989:xxii-1; Schroeter. 1999:453:5425.445:5459; Usher. 1974:367; Villena/Brown. 1986:92:172; Villena/Calero. 2002:44:100:28a; Villena/Navarro. 1879:270; and Villena/Saínz. 1969:138]