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Monday, April 17, 2017

PERAS WITH A 13TH CENTURY RECIPE FOR AN ORIENTAL SWEET

Peeling Pears
Photo by: Lord-Williams
L. Pyrus communis, Eng 1. pears. Villena advises that they should be quartered lengthwise. If small and mature, it is not necessary to peel them. Large pears should be peeled and the quarters cut into pieces. If boiled, they are peeled, cut and placed in a dish. Generally, during the Middle Ages, fruit was boiled and not eaten raw.

2. pera del cremeño, OCast çermeña, Arag zeremeña, Eng. very small and extremely early pear. Without further description it is not possible to identify the species. Villena describes this to be as small as a little flower. He instructs not to peel it but only remove a little of the top.

[Anón/Huici: 1996:469:476; ES: Medieval Spanish Chef. Cedazo, Postd Oct 10, 12:Corvillo. Posted Aug 19, 13:Janet. Posted Jun 22, 15 etc; Nola. 1989:xvii-3:xlix-1:liii-3 etc; Villena/Calero. 2002:68:ftn 147: :23a:42b:43b]

AN ORIENTAL SWEET ADAPTED FROM HUICI’S TRANSLATION OF ANÓN AL-ANDALUS, #469 DULCE ORIENTAL, p 256

Ingredients

An Oriental Sweet
Which is Pear Purée
Photo by: Lord-Williams
1 c almonds
1 qt pear juice[1]
1 c white sugar
1 tbsp rice or wheat starch[2]
2 tsp rose oil[3]
2 tsp sweet oil[3]
1 tbsp rosewater (optional)
1 tsp camphor (optional)

Preparation

This is given patients suffering from fever as a food and is serve instead of medicine.
Select pled sweet almonds and gently chop them in a food processor. Add pear juice
and blend well.  Strain through a clean cloth to make almond milk (or juice in this case). Add white sugar.

Pour this into a glazed earthenware dish and slowly heat. Bring to a boil and add dissolved starch and when it thickens add rose oil and sweet oil. Gently heat until diluted and it begins to thicken. Remove from heat and put it in a serving dish.

If the patient has a weak stomach, add rosewater mixed with camphor.



[1] Actually, the recipe gives the options of pomegranate juice, pear juice, that from tart apples, or quince and roasted gourd juice.
[2] If tapioca is used than 2 tsp.
[3] 1 tbsp canola oil was used.

HUICI’S TRANSLATION OF ANÓN AL-ANDALUS, #469 




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