|Cones of sugar|
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Avenzoar claimed that Galen classified it as a variety of honey and preferred it to honey in syrup preparations
Sugar was known to have the same properties as honey. It was valued for its high number of calories.
Sugarcane was exported from New Guinea to China and India before the Arabs brought it to Persia. With Arab conquests in Europe, sugar cane was take to Italy and Spain and cultivated in Sicily and southern Spain.
Between the 8th and 12th centuries,
During the Nazari reign (1230-1492),
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It was considered a spice in the rest of Europe until the 16th Century when it was produced in American colonies. It did not become a common household product until the process of extracting sugar from beetroot was discovered in the 19th Century.
[Castro. Alimentación.1996:245; Ibn Zuhr/García Sánchez. 1992:94]
For recipes calling for sugar see the following blogs, among others, include:
Alcorza, published Jul 11, 11, Almojábanas, published Aug 28, 11, Embadurnar, published Feb 7, 14, and Mesue, published Jun 27, 16.
1 c sugar
Fry almonds, taking care not to burn them. Pound them and add them to the sugar mixture. Stir in low heat until thickened.
 The Medieval Spanish Chef's addition.
HUICI’S TRANSLATION OF ANÓN, AL-ANDALUS #148 AZUCARADO SEGÚN EL DICTADO DE
ABÜ ALÏ AL-BAGDÃDÏ, p 99