OCast solrrayo, Cat. salroig, L. Odontaspis ferox. Eng. smalltooth sand tiger. The dorsal is gray-brown or a medium gray. It can have ochre spots on the flanks and dorsum. Underneath, it is pale gray or white with dusty colored botches, which are present also on the pelvic fins. It is a stocky shark. The female can grow to be 360 cm long but in general they are about 300 cm. The male averages some 275 cm in length. It is not well known as it lives at least 420 m below sea level. Due to a weak, unserrated tooth structure, it diets on small fishes, crustaceans and squid. Villena indicates that it was eaten in medieval Spain but being a large, tough fish, the meat was carved into pieces. [ES: Shark Gallery. Mar 27, 03; and Villena/Calero. 2002:23a:37b]
bookscorpion Photo from: Estteben Locschbor L. Petromyzon marinus, Eng. lamprey. Literally, ‘lic-rock’ for their habit of clinging to r...
White Ramping Fumitory (Fumaria capreolata) - closer view of flowers. Lynmouth, Devon Photo from: ikb hierba de conejo , palomill...
Photo by: vercuenca.com Ar. alhaxú (filling), Eng. almond or walnut paste mixed with breadcrumbs. Sometimes it was made with pine ke...
Fresh Spider Crab at the Mercado de Maravillas, Madrid, Spain Photo by: MRSamper Cat cabra , OCat cabre, L. Maja squinado,...
jujube_trees_1 Photo from: YardFarm OCast açufeyfas, açufayfas, jujubas Hisp Ar. zufáizafa, zufeizel, aneb, za’rur or mespilus , Gr. s...
Photo by: Lord-Williams OCat anys, ayns, any, ays ayla, ayl, Cat alls, L. Allium sativum , Ar. thūm , Fr. ail, Eng. garlic,...
Una bella cattura Photo from: eliobravo dorado , Cat. llampuga , L. Coryphaena hippurus , Eng. n. Dolphin fish. This is a large fis...
Green and Black Cardomom Photo by: 123rf.com L. Amomum subulatum (awl-shaped of the leaves), Eng black cardamom. This spice is a mem...
Photo by: camyna.com Hisp Ar boronia, morona, alburnía, burâniyya (fr. alburün , jug), Ar būrān, al-borâniiya (in Knight...
Cumin des prés In in 2 months the fruit can be used as seeds Photo from: Clarabena Gr. kyminon, L. Cuminum cymminum , Ar. ...
Monday, July 16, 2018
Friday, July 13, 2018
socarrar, OCast soffreyr, Cat. sosenga, sohenga, Eng to fry slowly over low heat. (This was very typical in Catalan cooking.) to burn, to scorch, to stick to the bottom of the vessel, to toast. To obtain eatable parts from the head of the pig that has been singed to remove the hair see chamuscar and sofrito. For different versions of Nola's recipe xvii-2 Potaje de adobado de gallina and Janet de gallinas (Chicken Janet) at: Cedazo published October 10, 2012; Destemplar published December 27, 2016; and Janet published June 22, 2015.See sofrito. [Anón/Grewe. 1979:CCVI:209:ftn 3; Lladonosa. 1984:159; Nola. 1989.xvii-2; Nola/Pérez. 1994:211]
See the following blogs for different versions of Nola's recipe xvii-2 Potaje de adobado de gallina and Janet de gallinas (Chicken Janet) at: Cedazo published October 10, 2012; Destemplar published December 27, 2016; and Janet
published June 22, 2015.
[Anón/Grewe. 1979:CCVI:209:ftn 3; Gázquez. Cocina. 2002:234; Lladonosa. 1984:159; Nola. 1989.xvii-2; Nola/Iranzo. 1982:171; Nola/Pérez. 1994:211 and Villena/Calero. 2002:101:31b]
Wednesday, July 11, 2018
|Little Chef Makes Waffles|
Photo from: Colleen Proppe
Monday, July 9, 2018
Rolling out Kneaded Dough
Photo by: Lord-Williams
Granado, in Libro del Arte de Cozina(1599), gives several recipes for meat and fish pastries. His pastelof meat in "oxaldre" has a bottom crust of flour and water, kneaded for half an hour until it is firm, and a top crust of leaf-pastry.
[Anón/Huici 1966:146:409:410 etc.; Granado. 1971; Ibn Razīn/Granja.1960:1:19:60:22:86:23; Medieval Spanish Chef. “cobertor.” Feb 27, 13;Nola. 1989.xliii-2:xliiii-3:lxx-1 etc; “Flatbread,” Feb 6, 17; “hallulla.” Jan 30, 15; “hoz” :27 Apr 15; etc Nola/Iranzo. 1982:171; and Sas. 1976:590]
[Medieval Spanish Chef. “cobertor.” Feb 27, 13; Ibn Razīn/Granja.1960:1:19:60:22:86:23; Nola/Iranzo. 1982:171; and Sas. 1976:590]
Friday, July 6, 2018
The female is smaller and has no collar. She lays three or four eggs in June. The chicks follow her around like those of hens until they start flying in mid-August.
They are residents of Iberia, northern Morocco, central and southern France, Italy and Sardinia. In Spain, they are most frequently seen in Estremadura, the Sierra de Guadarrama (Madrid), the Coto Donana (Huelva), Daimiel National Park (Ciudad Real) and Moncayo in the Ebro River Valley (Zaragoza) where Francisco Goya, the painter, was born. As per Villena, they were abundant in Aragon during the 15 C.
In summer, some may visit northern areas such as England, Ireland, Scandinavia, the Baltic States and Poland. They prefer open areas like pastures, meadows, steppelands or cultivated fields where alfalfa, clover or cereal crops are grown. There they eat seeds, herbs and insects. They are very timid but crafty. When they sense danger, they will fly close to the ground about 100 yards and then run swiftly.
Little bustards are faster on foot then men. As the great bustard, they are considered exquisite being tastier than chicken or peacock but as they are "near threatened species today, they not eaten. In Great Britian they were found in the moors of southern and eastern England, northern Wales and southern Scotland but became extinct along with beavers for man’s gluttony in those areas. Villena instructs that they should be carved in the same manner as the partridge. See avutarda, castor and perdiz.
[ES: Bewick. Nov 14, 00; ES: COMM/DGENV. Mar 5, 03; ES: “Little Bustard.” Nov 1, 2003; Black. 1998:11; and Villena/Calero. 2002:101:22a:28a]
Wednesday, July 4, 2018
Photo by: Lord-Williams
Avenzoar gives recipes for various syrups for digestive purposes and to regulate the humors. Hispano-Arab syrups were original as they contained flowers such as roses The Anon Al-Andalusprovides two recipes for flowers as well as many others that include aloes and citron leaves. Avenzoar’s provides recipes calling for roses and lilies. See almíbar, jarabe and arrope.
[Anón/Huici.1966:50:40:490:269:492:270 etc; Delgado. 1994:207; Zuhr/García Sánchez1992: 101-109; and OXF Eng Dict.1989:XVII:Su:945]
493. EL JARABE GRAN ALEGRADOR, SU FÓRMULA - THE GREAT CHEERING SYRUP - WAY OF MAKING IT, PP 269-270
½ lb borage leaves
½ lb mint leaves
½ lb citron leaves
½ lb citron leaves
½ lb sugar
1 tbsp aloe stems
1 tbsp Chinese rhubarb
1 tbsp Chinese cinnamon
1 tbsp cinnamon
1 tbsp cloves
Cook leaves covered with water until tender. Add sugar. Pound aloe stems, Chincese rhubarb, chinese cinnamon, cinnamon and cloves until coarse. Put them in a cloth bag and tie well. Place this in a pot and macerate it svral times until the flavor comes out and the liquid takes on the consistency of syrups. Then add three cups of hot water for every ½ lb of leaves.
Take half a ratl each of borage, mint, and citron leaves, cook them in water to cover until their strength comes out, then take the clean part and add it to a ratl of sugar. Then put in the bag: a spoonful each of aloe stems, Chinese rhubarb, Chinese cinnamon, cinnamon and clove flowers; pound all these coarsely, place them in a cloth, tie it well, and place it in the kettle, macerate it again and again until its the flavor comes out, and cook until [the liquid] takes the consistency of syrups. Take one û qiya with three of hot water. Benefits: It profits [preceding two words apparently supplied; in parentheses in printed Arabic text] weak stomachs, fortifies the liver and cheers the heart, digests foods, and lightens the constitution gently, God willing.
Monday, July 2, 2018
|Compass Plant (Silphium laciniatum)|
Photo from: Chcuk Kime
The Ancients used the juice medicinally for its extensive heeling properties. It was added to food in small quantities to give it a fragrant effect. Too much spoils the food.
Romans used the powdered root is a condiment as much as liquamen. Barbara Flower recommends it for fish specially. It is thought that it was used for its aphrodisiacal effect and in food prepared for banquets especially. It was a major export from Cyrenaica as it grew in large quantities there but was extinct by Pliny’s time. Apicius provides two rcipes for Silphum Sauce.
In North Africa it was grown especially in Cyrene where it was cultivated for export. There it was used in medicine and in cooking. The Anon al Andalus calls for it in "Tabahaja," a dish of fried goat meat. Today, several Middle Eastern recipes call for asafœtida. [Anón/Huici.1966:250:149; Apicius/Flower. 1958:28-29:57; ES: Lord “Asafœtida,” posted Feb 28, 07; ES: Anon/Perry. Sep 5, 02; and Pullar. 1970:242]
APICIUS BOOK 1, XVI SILPHIUM SAUCE